Mehta, R. and Sharma, V and Sood, A and Sharma, Madhu (2010) Induction of somatic embryogenesis and analysis of genetic fidelity of in vitro-derived plantlets of Bambusa nutans Wall., using AFLP markers. Journal of European Forest Research, 130 (5). pp. 729-736.

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Abstract Bambusa nutans Wall., is an evergreen, perennial, and multipurpose bamboo having strong culms, which are largely used for construction, scaffolding, craft purposes, pulp, and paper industry. Multiple shoots from nodal segments (3–4 cm) of young branches of mature culms were established in Murashige and Skoog (1962) (MS) medium supplemented with various concentrations of 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) (1.0–6.0 mg l-1) or in combination with a-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA) (0.5–1.0 mg l-1) or kinetin (Kn) (1.0–2.0 mg l-1). February–March and December were found to be the best seasons for culture establishments. Maximum shoots were achieved on MS medium fortified with BAP (2.0 mg l-1). Embryogenic callus (slightly greenish compact, globular, and slow growing) was initiated from the base of severed sprouted buds in 2–3 subsequent subcultures on MS medium supplemented with 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) (5.0 mg l-1) under dark incubations. Maturation and germination of well-organized somatic embryos was achieved on MS medium containing BAP and 2,4-D (1.0 mg l-1 each) with 20.0 mg l-1 ascorbic acid. Fullstrength MS medium supplemented with 2% glucose favored further development of proliferated somatic embryos into plantlets. Genetic variations of fieldestablished B. nutans plants regenerated through tissue cultures were assessed by amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis using 6 primer combinations. Four hundred and seven scorable fragments were amplified, of which 402 (98.8%) have recorded conservation at various morphogenetic stages leading to plantlets regeneration, therefore, revealed a high level of genetic stability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: AFLP. Auxins. Cytokinins. Embryogenic callus. Excised bud segments. Shoot multiplication
Subjects: Plant Biotechnology
Plant viruses
Depositing User: Dr. Aparna Maitra Pati
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2012 04:35
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2012 04:35

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