Kasana , Ramesh C (2010) Proteases from Psychrotrophs: An Overview. Critical Reviews in Microbiology, 36 (2). pp. 134-45.

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Proteases are hydrolytic enzymes which catalyze the total hydrolysis of proteins in to amino acids. Although proteolytic enzymes can be obtained from animals and plants but microorganisms are the preferred source for industrial applications in view of scientific and economical advantage. Among various groups of microbes, psychrotrophs are ideal candidates for enzymes production keeping in mind that enzymes active at low temperature and stable under alkaline condition, in presence of oxidants and detergents are in large demand as laundry additive. The proteases from psychrotrophs also find application in environmental bioremediation, food and molecular biology. During the previous two decades, proteases from psychrotrophs have received increased attention because of their wide range of applications, but the full potential of psychrotrophic proteases has not been exploited. This review focuses attention on the present status of knowledge on the production, optimization, molecular characteristics, applications, substrate specificity, and crystal structure of psychrotrophic proteases. The review will help in making strategies for exploitation of psychrotrophic protease resources and improvement of enzymes to obtain more robust proteases of industrial and biotechnological significance.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Protease, Psychrotrophs, Microorganisms
Subjects: Microbiology
Depositing User: Dr. Aparna Maitra Pati
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2011 14:40
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2011 14:40
URI: http://ihbt.csircentral.net/id/eprint/669

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