Mohanpuria, P and Rana, N K and Yadav , S K (2007) Cadmium Induced Oxidative Stress Influence on Glutathione Metabolic Genes of Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze. Environmental Toxicology, 22. pp. 368-374.

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Glutathione, a tripeptide with sulfhydryl (-SH) group is a very crucial compound primarily involved in redox balance maintenance of the cellular environment. In this study, we monitored the influence of Cd exposure on the transcript levels of glutathione metabolic genes in bud tissues, the youngest leaf, of Camellia sinensis L. In addition, some physiochemical parameters were also studied. Cd exposure decreased chlorophyll and protein contents, while increase was observed in lipid peroxidation upon Cd treatments. These changes were found to be concentration and duration dependent, indicating the occurrence of oxidative stress upon Cd exposure. The transcript levels of glutathione biosynthetic genes viz. �- glutamylcysteine synthetase (�-ECS) and glutathione synthetase (GSHS) increased upon Cd exposure. Furthermore, transcript levels of glutathione reductase (GR), an enzyme involved in reduction of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) to reduced glutathione (GSH), also showed upregulation on Cd exposure. However, the transcript levels of glutathione-S-transferase (GST), an enzyme involved in forming metal–GSH complex and help in sequestration of high levels of metal ions to vacuole, did not show any change on Cd treatment. This study document that Cd exposure induces oxidative stress in Camellia sinensis and the upregulation in transcript levels of glutathione metabolic genes except GST have suggested the role of these enzymes in the protection of plants from high level Cd exposure. # 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Environ Toxicol 22: 368–374, 2007.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Camellia sinensis; cadmium stress; oxidative stress; glutathione biosynthesis; glutathione reductase; glutathione-S-transferase
Subjects: Plant sciences
Plant Biotechnology
Depositing User: Dr. Aparna Maitra Pati
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2011 03:33
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2012 07:28

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