Singh, K and Rani, A and Kumar, Sanjay and Sood, Priyanka and Mahajan, M and Singh , Bikram and Yadav , S K and Ahuja, Paramvir Singh (2008) An early gene of the flavonoid pathway, flavanone 3-hydroxylase, exhibits a positive relationship with the concentration of catechins in tea (Camellia sinensis). Tree Physiology, 28 (9). pp. 1349-1356. ISSN 0829-318X

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Tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) leaves are a major source of flavonoids that mainly belong to the flavan 3-ols or catechins. Apart from being, responsible for test duality. these compounds have medicinal properties. Flavanone 3-hydroxylase (F3H) is an abundant enzyme in tea leaves that catalyzes the stereospecific hydroxylation of (2S)-naringenin to form (2R.3R)-dihdrokaempferol. We report full-length cDNA sequence of F3H from tea (CsF3H Accessionno. AY641730). CsE3H comprised 1365 by with an open reading frame of 1107 it (from 43 to 1149) encoding a polypeptide of 368 amino, acids. Expression of CsF3H in an expression vector in Escherichia coli yielded a frictional protein with a specific activity of 32 nmol min(-1) mg protein(-1). There was a positive correlation between the concentration of catechins and CsF3H expression in leaves of different developmental stages. CsF3H expression was clown-regulated in response to drought, abscisic acid and gibberellic acid treatment, but up-regulated in response to wounding. The concentration of catechins paralleled the expression data. Exposure of tea shoots to 50-100 mu M catechins led to down-regulation of CSF3H expression suggesting substrate mediated feedback regulation of the gene. The strong correlation between the concentration of catechins and CsF3H expression indicates a critical role of F3H in catechin biosynthesis.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: expression analysis; F3H; Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase; Petunia-Hybrida; Anthocyanin Biosynthesis; Gibberellic Acid; Green Tea; Expression; Polyphenols
Subjects: Natural Product Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. Aparna Maitra Pati
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2011 08:51
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2013 08:11

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