Mohanpuria, P and kumar, Vinay and Joshi, Robin and Gulati, Ashu and Ahuja, Paramvir Singh and Yadav, S K (2009) Caffeine Biosynthesis and Degradation in Tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze] is under Developmental and Seasonal Regulation. Molecular Biotechnology, 43 (2). pp. 104-111. ISSN 1073-6085

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To study caffeine biosynthesis and degradation, here we monitored caffeine synthase gene expression and caffeine and allantoin content in various tissues of four Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze cultivars during non-dormant (ND) and dormant (D) growth phases. Caffeine synthase expression as well as caffeine content was found to be higher in commercially utilized tissues like apical bud, 1st leaf, 2nd leaf, young stem, and was lower in old leaf during ND compared to D growth phase. Among fruit parts, fruit coats have higher caffeine synthase expression, caffeine content, and allantoin content. On contrary, allantoin content was found lower in the commercially utilized tissues and higher in old leaf. Results suggested that caffeine synthesis and degradation in tea appears to be under developmental and seasonal regulation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coffea-Arabica L; Purine Alkaloids; Adenine Metabolism; Caffeine synthase; Caffeine; Allantoin; Camellia sinensis; Leaves; Plants; Catabolism; Expression; Allantoin; Dewevrei; Synthase
Subjects: Plant Biotechnology
Depositing User: Dr. Aparna Maitra Pati
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2011 04:51
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2013 07:53

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