Vyas, D and Kumar, Sanjay (2005) Tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) clone with lower period of winter dormancy exhibits lesser cellular damage in response to low temperature. Plant of Physiology and Biochemistry, 43 (4). pp. 383-388. ISSN 0981-9428

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There is no literature available on the response of tea plant to low temperature. We studied the effect of low temperature on two clones of, tea with contrasting periods of winter dormancy, a phenomenon in which the growth of apical shoots of tea is diminished during winter months. Clone 'Teenali 17/154' (TNL) showed shorter periods of winter dormancy than clone 'Kangra Jat' (KNJ). Low temperature (5 ° C) resulted in increase of metabolic superoxide (O-2(-)) content and cellular damage (as measured by tetrazolium chloride reduction test) in both the clones, however, the increase was lesser in the case of TNL compared to KNJ. Activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD; EC, ascorbate peroxidase (APX; EC and glutathione reductase (GR; EC increased in both the clones in response to low temperature however, GR activity exhibited significant differences (P < 0.05) between the two clones. Low temperature caused increase in the intensity of various isozymes of SOD, APX and GR. A new isozyme of SOD (Cu/Zn type) was induced in both the clones at low temperature. Significantly higher GR activity in both the clones suggested a role of this enzyme in imparting better protection to tea at low temperature. Also, clonal variation for GR isozyme was observed between the clones. Based on these results it appears that TNL, a clone with relatively lesser period of winter dormancy experiences lesser oxidative stress in response to low temperature compared to KNJ, a clone with relatively higher period of winter dormancy

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze; Cellular damage; Oxidative stress; Superoxide anions; Winter dormancy
Subjects: Nutraceuticals
Depositing User: Dr. Aparna Maitra Pati
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2011 11:17
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2012 06:27
URI: http://ihbt.csircentral.net/id/eprint/247

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