Yadav , S K and Guleria, Praveen (2012) Steviol Glycosides from Stevia: Biosynthesis Pathway Review and their Application in Foods and Medicine. Journal of Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 52. pp. 988-998.

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Stevia rebaudiana, a perennial herb from the Asteraceae family, is known to the scientific world for its sweetness and steviol glycosides (SGs). SGs are the secondary metabolites responsible for the sweetness of Stevia. They are synthesized by SG biosynthesis pathway operating in the leaves. Most of the genes encoding the enzymes of this pathway have been cloned and characterized from Stevia. Out of various SGs, stevioside and rebaudioside A are the major metabolites. SGs including stevioside have also been synthesized by enzymes and microbial agents. These are non-mutagenic, non-toxic, antimicrobial, and do not show any remarkable side-effects upon consumption. Stevioside has many medical applications and its role against diabetes is most important. SGs have made Stevia an important part of the medicinal world as well as the food and beverage industry. This article presents an overview on Stevia and the importance of SGs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stevia rebaudiana; steviol glycosides; sweetner; applications
Subjects: Nanotechnology
Depositing User: Dr. Aparna Maitra Pati
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2013 06:58
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2013 06:58
URI: http://ihbt.csircentral.net/id/eprint/1315

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