Saini, U and Kaur, D and Bhattacharya, Amita and Kumar, Sanjay and Singh, R D and Ahuja, Paramvir Singh (2012) Optimising parameters for biolistic gun-mediated genetic transformation of tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze]. Journal of Horticultural Science & Biotechnology, 87 (6). pp. 605-612.

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Genetic improvement of tea through breeding is difficult.Therefore, transgenic tea plants expressing the osmotin gene from Nicotiana tabacum were produced using parameters optimised for biolistic-gun mediated transformation. During optimisation, a total of 4,500 somatic embryos were bombarded using nine combinations of variable target distances and burst pressures, while keeping the gap distance (0.6 cm) and macrocarrier flight distance (16 mm) constant. A total of 90 independent, PCR-positive lines were generated. Southern hybridisation confirmed integration of the osmotin gene in 26 out of 27 PCR-positive lines (three independent lines from each of the nine parameter combinations were selected at random). Statistical analysis revealed that the efficiency of transgene integration was significantly affected by target distance. Only those lines derived from somatic embryos bombarded with 1.0 μg plasmid DNA using a 7.58 MPa burst pressure and 9-cm target distance showed osmotin expression. This was evident from strong northern hybridisation and RT-PCR signals. Leaves of 4-year-old transgenic plants growing in a contained polythene tunnel showed improved osmotic adjustment in response to osmotic stress imposed by NaCl. The osmotic potentials of transgenic leaves immersed in 100 mM or 200 mM NaCl solutions were more negative than those of non-transformed control leaves.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Optimising biolistic gun-mediated genetic transformation tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze]
Subjects: Plant sciences
Plant Biotechnology
Depositing User: Dr. Aparna Maitra Pati
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2013 06:56
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2013 06:56

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