Sandal, I and Saini, U and Bhattacharya, Amita and Ahuja, Paramvir Singh and Lacroix, B and Citovsky, V (2007) Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of tea leaf explants: effects of counteracting bactericidity of leaf polyphenols without loss of bacterial virulence. Plant Cell Reports, 26 (2). pp. 169-176.

[img] PDF
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (321Kb)


Tea is one of the major crops in Asia and Africa, and its improvement by genetic modification is important for economy of many tea-producing regions. Although somatic embryos derived from cotyledon explants have been transformed with Agrobacterium, the leaves of several commercially important tea cultivars have remained recalcitrant to transformation, largely due to bactericidal effect of polyphenols that are exuded by tea leaves in vitro.Moreover, the commonly used polyphenol adsorbents and antioxidants cannot overcome this problem. Leaf explants, however, are more desirable than cotyledon-derived somatic embryos, especially when it is necessary to further improve a selected elite and also retain its superior traits. Thus, we developed a procedure for Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of tea leaf explants which is based on the presence of lglutamine in the co-cultivation medium. We then showed that the transformation process is facilitated via a protective action of l-glutamine against bactericidal effects of leaf polyphenols without affecting the bacterial virulence (vir) gene expression.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agrobacterium tumefaciens, Bactericidal polyphenols, Genetic transformation . l-Glutamine . Leaf explants . Tea
Subjects: Plant sciences
Depositing User: Dr. Aparna Maitra Pati
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2011 06:57
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2011 06:57

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item